of it hanging around the vent to keep the little plagues away till morning.
You should always be ready for a storm over night. You must study the wind continually and be weather-wise — that is, a woodcrafter — if you are to make a success of the teepee.
And remember this : The Indians did not look for hardships. They took care of their health so as to withstand hardship when it came, but they made themselves as comfortable as possible. They never slept on the ground if they could help it. Catlin tells us of the beautful 4-post beds the Mandans used to make in their lodges. The blackfeet make neat beds of willow rods carefully peeled, and the Eastern Indians cut pils of pine and fir branches to keep them off the ground.
Captain W. P. Clark, in his admirable book on "Indian Sign Language," adds these remarks about teepees:
"From fourteen to twenty-six poles are used in a lodge and one or two for the wing-poles on the outside; these latter for adjusting the wings, near the opening at the top of the lodge, for the escape of smoke; the wings are kept at such angles as to produce the best draft. The best poles are made from the slender mountain pine, which grows thickly in the mountains. The squaws cut and trim them, ..text continues