4‘ ‘v—N—vwr‘ ‘ —1——"~ . —;V—r Things to Know and Do 231 its end half an inch from the edge make a little hollow or pit in the top of the block, as in the illustration (cut I b). Tinder. For tinder use a wad of ﬁne, soft, very dry, dead grass mixed with shredded cedar bark, birch bark, or even cedar wood scraped into a soft mass. Bow. Make a bow of any bent stick two feet long, with a strong buckskin or belt-lacing thong on it (cut I c). Socket. Finally, you need a socket. This simple little thing is made in many diﬂerent ways. Sometimes I use a pine or hemlock knot with a pit one quarter inch deep, made by boring with the knife point. But it is a great help to have a good one made of a piece of smooth, hard stone or marble, set in wood; ' the stone or marble having in it a smooth, round pit three eighths 2. Readytomakeﬁre inch wide and three eighths inch deep. The one I use most was made by the Eskimo. A view of the under side is shown in cut 1 (ﬁg. d). Now we are ready to make the ﬁre: Under the notch in the ﬁre-block set a thin chip. Turn the leather thong of the bow once around the drill: the thong should now' be quite tight. Put one point of the drill into the pit of the block, and on the upper end put the socket, which is held in the left hand, with the top of- the drill in the hole of the stone (as in cut 2). Hold the left wrist against the left shin, and the left foot on the ﬁre-block. Now, draw the right hand back and forth steadily on level and the full length of the how. This causes the drill to twirl in the pit.
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