Stránka:roll 1911.djvu/80

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Woodcraft To make & scout's sundial, prepare a smooth board about riftera inches across, with a circle divided into twenty-four equal parts, ?.nd a temporarily hin?oecl pointer, whose Upper edge h in the middle oi the dial. Place on some dead/?e/, solid post or stump in the open. At night fix the di?_l so that the twelve o'clock line points exactly to nQISh? as determined .by..(?.. Pole- star. Thee, using two temporary sighting sticks o/exactly the sante height (so as to permit sighting clear above the edge of the board) set the pointer exactly pointing to the Pole-starl ,that is, the same angle as the latitu?le d the place, and fix it there im- movably. Then remove the two sighting sticks. As a time- piece, this dial will be found roaghly correct for that latitude. The angle of the pointer, or style, must be cha?ged for each latitude. Building ft Lo? Cabin* There are as many different kinds of log cabins as of any other architecture. It is best to begin with the simplest. The tooh needed are'a sharp ax, a crosscut saw, an inch auger, and & spade. It is pce?i'ble to get along with nothing but an ax (many settlers had no other tool), but the spade, saw, and auger save much work. For the site select a high, dry p.ace, m or near the woods, and dose to the drinking-water. It should be a snnny place, and with a view, prderably one facing south or east. Clear off and level the ground. Then bring your logs. These are more picturesque with the bark ldt on, but last longer peeled. Eight teet by twelve feet outside makes a good cabin/or three or four beys. Cut and carry about twelve logs, each ten feet long; and twelve more, each fourteen feet long. The logs should be at least six i?ches through. Soft wood is preferable, as it is easier to handle; Me four ground logs or sills, at least, should be of cedar, chestnut, or other wood that does not rot. Lay two of the fourteen-foot logs on the ground, at the places for the long sides, and seven feet apart. Then across them, at the end, lay tw? short ones, eleven feet apart. This leaves about a foot pro- jecting from each log. Roll the last two into their resting- pla?s, and fiatten them till they sit firmly. It is of prime im- portance that each log rest immovably on the one below. Now cut the upper par? of each end log, to an edge over each corner. (Fig.