Stránka:roll 1911.djvu/51

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3o Boy Scouts

provisions and Mstory of the Declaration of. Independence and th?,?*o'n?'h'?.n of the United States. ," Conservation ? To ol?2n ? merit badge for Conservation a scout must ?j. Be able .W reco?uize in the forest'all important com- mercial trees i?i his neighborhood; distin?dsh the lumber from each'and tell for what purpose each is best suited; tell the age of old blazes on trees which mark a boundary or' trail,; reco?mize the difference in the forest between good and bad logging, giving reasons why one' is good and another bad; tell whether a tree is dying from injury by fire, by insects, by disease or by a com- bination of these causes; know what tools to use, and how to fight fires in hil17.or in flat country. Collect the seeds of two commercial trees, clean and store them, and know how and when to plant them. 2. Know the effect upon stream- flow of the destruction of .forests at head waters; know what are the four great uses of water in streams; what causes the pollution of streams, and how it can best be stopped; and how, in general, water power is developed. 3- Be able to tell, for a given piece of farm land, whether it is best suited for use as farm or forest, and why; point out examples of erosion, and tell how to stop it; give the reasons why a growing crop pointed out to him is successful or why not; and tell what crops should be grown in his neighborhood and why. 4- Know where the great coal fields are situated and whether. the use of coal is increasing, and ff so at what rate. Tell what are the great sources of waste of coal, in the mines, and in its use, and how they can be reduced. 5. Know the prindpal game birds and animals in his neigh- borhood, the seasons during which they are protected, the methods of protection, and the results. Recognize the track of any two of the following: rabbit, fox, deer, squirrel, wild. turkey, ruffed grouse and quail. Cooking To obtain a merit badge for Cookin? a scotr? mtm? x. Prove his ability to build a fir;-?/?tF?u?o?e or sod