Woodcraft 79 feathers without gluing. The lashed feathers stand the weather better than' those glued, but do not fly so well. The Indians 'use sharp flint arrow heads for wax and for big game, but for. birds and small game they make arrow heads with a knob of hard wood or the knuckle bone of some small animal. The best arrowheads for our purpose are' like the ferrule of an um- ]bYella top; they receive the end of the shaft into them and keep it from splitting. One of the best arrows I ever shot with was twenty-eight inches long, five s'?teenths of an inch thick, had a fernde head and very small feathers. The finishing touch of an arrow is "painting" it. This is done for several purposes_: First, t9 preserve it from damp which---would twist-the $rrow and soften the glue that holds the feathers; second, each hunter paints all his arrows with his mark so as to know them; third, they'axe thus made bright- colored to help in finding them when lost. There are four other things required by our archer: A smoot]i,' hard arm-guard, or bracer, usually of hard leather. The Indians who use one make it of wood, grass? or rawhide. In photographs of famous Indians you may often see this on the left wrist, and will remember that it' was there as a protection from the blow of the bow cord. Some archers can shoot with the wrist bent so as to need no guard. The three middle fingers of the' right hand also need protection. An old leather glove, with thumb and little finger cut away, will do very well for this, though the ready-made tips at the archery stores are more convenient. ? 'Some archers who practise all their lives can shoot without protecting the fingers. The bow case and quiver are important. Any -kind of a cowr that will keep tliem from the rain, and hang onyour back, will do, but there are many little things that help to mal?e them handy. When the cover is off the arrows sliould project three or four inches so that they may be more easily drawn out. The' Indians often carried very beautiful quivers of buckskin orna- mented with quills and beads. One day out West I saw an Omaha brave with a bow case and quiver covered with very odd material -- a piece of common red and white cotton print. Wrhen allowed to examine it, I felt some' other material underneath the print. After a little dickering he sold me bow, arrows, quiver, and all for a couple of dollars. I then ripped open the print and found my first suspicions confirmed; for, underneath, the quiver was of buck- skin, beauti/ully embroidered with red feather?i? ?(?Oq?
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