Stránka:book 1913.djvu/242

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220 The Book of Woodcraft in on the under side of the stake cords. Thus the bundles are laid one above and one below, until the mat is of the the reqiiired length. The cords are then fastened, the cross-bars removed, and the mat, when dried, makes a fine bed. When added to the willow bed, it is pure lux- ury; but lawful, because made of wildwood material. NAVAHO LOOM A profitable amusement in camp, is weaving rugs or mats of inner bark, rags, etc., on a rough Navaho loom. The crudest kind, one which can be made in an hour is il- lustrated on next page. I have found it quite satisfactory for weaving rough mats or rugs. {A and B) are two trees or posts. (C) is the cross piece. (Z?) is the upper yarn- beam, wrapped its whole length with a spiral cord. (E) is the lower yarn-beam, similarly wrapped. (F F) are stout cords to carry the frame while the warp is being stretched between the yarn-beams. (G G) is a log hung on for weight. {H H) is a round stick fastened between the yarns, odds on one side, evens on the other, to hold the yarns open until the rug is all done, but about one inch when it is drawn out. Now with a needle, the yarns or strings for the warp are stretched from one yarn-beam to another, as a continuous string. The exact method is shown on a larger scale in the upper figure (//) The batten or spreader (7) is a piece of light wood two inches wide and one half inch thick, with square edges, but thin sharp- point, and about as long as the yarn beam. Now we are ready to begin. Run the batten between the yarns under the sticks {H H) Then drop it to the bottom and turn it flatwise, thus spreading the yarns apart